Treatments for Gum Disease

Treatments For Gum DiseaseGum disease is a bacterial infection that causes a chronic swelling of the gums and neighboring tissues. It is the major cause of about 70% of adult tooth loss, affecting nearly 80% of people at some point in their life. Gum disease includes gingivitis and periodontitis.

What Causes Gum Disease?

Plaque – a colorless bacteria-filled film slightly yellowish in color that constantly forms on the teeth – is recognized as the primary cause of gum disease. If plaque isn’t removed each day by brushing and flossing, it hardens into a rough, absorbent substance called tartar, which can be hard to remove. The bacteria in plaque produce toxins that irritate the gums and cause inflammation and gingivitis.

Treatments for gum disease

Once you are diagnosed with a gum disease, we will apply certain dental procedures other than regular cleaning to treat it. In the early development of gum disease, most procedure contains non-surgical procedures; however, in later stages, surgical procedures are often obligatory.

The following are detailed descriptions of these procedures.

Non-surgical procedures

  • Scaling and root planing: While a regular dental cleaning is for the visible portion of teeth, scaling and root planing is a special cleaning that removes plaque and tartar from under the gum line and smoothens the root surfaces. A scaling procedure is the only way to eradicate tartar.
  • Antibiotics: When needed, antibiotics or antimicrobials may be used to complement the effects of scaling and root planing. In most cases of early gum disease, scaling and root planing in addition to persistent daily cleaning at home will achieve a reasonable result of remedying gum disease.
  • Periodontal maintenance/supportive periodontal therapy: Following a scaling and root planing, specialized deep cleanings can minimize the reappearance of gum disease.

Surgical procedures

  • Pocket depth reduction procedures: We will open up the affected gum tissue so that disease-causing bacteria and calculus build-up can be removed. Some cases may require smoothing and recontouring the damaged bone and root surfaces to allow the gum tissue to reattach to healthy bone during healing. The procedure also shifts the gum tissue so that it is easier to keep clean.
  • Regeneration: At Marze Dental, we will treat the affected gum tissue in the same way as in pocket depth reduction procedures, with the additional procedure of using membranes, bone grafts or tissue-stimulating proteins to stimulate the body’s natural ability to regenerate healthy bone and gum tissue.
  • Soft tissue grafts: We will take healthy gum tissue from the roof of the mouth or other areas of the mouth and use it to repair receding gums and cover exposed root surfaces.